RCCG YAYA Sunday School Teacher Manual For December 2022 Lesson 15: Topic – The Zealous Phinehas

By | December 10, 2022

RCCG YAYA Sunday School Teacher Manual For December 2022 Lesson 15: Topic – The Zealous Phinehas

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TOPIC: The Zealous Phinehas

OPENING PRAYER: Father, help me to be zealous for You in Jesus name.

MEMORY VERSE: “Phinehas the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, has turned back My wrath from the children of Israel, because he was zealous with My zeal among them, so that I did not consume the children of Israel in My zeal.” – Numbers 25:11 (NKJV)

BIBLE PASSAGE: Numbers 25:6-13 (KJV)

6 And, behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, who were weeping before the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

7 And when Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up from among the congregation, and took a javelin in his hand;

8 And he went after the man of Israel into the tent, and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her belly. So the plague was stayed from the children of Israel.

9 And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.

10 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,

11 Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, hath turned my wrath away from the children of Israel, while he was zealous for my sake among them, that I consumed not the children of Israel in my jealousy.

12 Wherefore say, Behold, I give unto him my covenant of peace:

13 And he shall have it, and his seed after him, even the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was zealous for his God, and made an atonement for the children of Israel.

INTRODUCTION: Phinehas was the son of the high priest, Eleazer (exodus 6:25), and the grandson of Aaron, The name Phinehas is primarily a male name of Greek origin that means, Face of protection. Although not a major Bible character, is record as a hero cannot be overlooked.


The above text narrates the zeal of Phinehas by putting a stop to the abominable things detested by God among His people and the inheritance benefits.

i. When one of the Israelites brought a midianitish woman unto his brethren in the presence of Moses and the congregation who were weeping unto God for been plagued because of their immoralities, ……v6.

ii. When Phinehas the Son of Eleazer and the grandson of Aaron the priest saw them, he stood up from the congregation and picked up a javelin, ………..v7.

iii. And went after the Israelites and the midianitish woman and thrust them through in the belly and the plague stoped, ……….v8.

iv. The plague killed twenty-four thousand in that day and the Lord spoke, ………….v9&10.

v. ……………….v11.

vi. ……………….v12.

vii. ……………….v13.




Teacher to highlight the following character of Phinehas:

  1. Phinehas had an undying hunger for God thus sin was an irritating to him (Matthew 5:6).
  2. He was an outstanding and respected leader, who was delegated to meet with the children of Reuben, Gad, and half – tribe of Manasseh when they built an altar against the land of Canaan, in the borders of Jordan (Joshua 22:13).
  3. He was a good mediator who was able to resolve the conflict that would have erupted amongst the Israelites (Joshua 22:31-33).
  4. He was a responsible young man who provided a place of rest for his father. (Joshua 24:33).
  5. He was a wise and faithful priest who took charge of the sacred objects and trumpet for giving signals during the war against the Midianite (Numbers 31:6)

Students should share how they have impacted their congregation or local assembly through their character.


A. This young man named Phineas:

i. hard right standing with God, thus he was bold to confront sin (Proverbs 28:1).

ii. His zeal for God turned away God’s wrath from the children of Israel (Numbers 25:11).

iii. His righteous act stop the plague and exalted the nation of Israel (Proverbs 14:34).

iv. He was fearless in putting an end to a sinful act (2Timothy 1:7). He stood out amongst his equals (Psalm 106:30-31).

v. He had a passion for God’s commandments so he knew what he wanted (Psalm 119:9). He was a vibrant young man (1John 2:14).

vi. He secure a covenant of peace and everlasting priesthood for himself and his linage (Numbers 25 :12-13).

vii. He saw an Israelites having an unlawful love affair with a medianite woman in Israel’s camp when the whole nation was mourning and because of his zeal for God, he stopped the nefarious acts and thus putting an end to the plague (Numbers 25:7-8).

viii. He was a daring young man who went all the way for God.

B. The uncommon zeal exhibited by Phineas is remarkable and worthy of emulation.

C. Our enthusiasm for God can avert danger and bring about a blessing to our lineage thus making us a source of blessing to our family and nation at large (Numbers 25:13). We must stand out of the crowd and be passionate about God.

Students should share with the class how they have been zealous with God’s work.

The story of Phineas is a pointer that we can make a difference anywhere we are.

Father, energise me to be zealous for you.

Mention five extraordinary things you wish to do for God this week (2×5=10 Marks).


  1. O Sunday School, on the Lord’s day,
    O how I love Thee well,
    I am happy, it makes me glad
    To rejoice at Thy birth.
  2. O Sunday School, on the Lord’s day,
    Thy friend friendship suits me well,
    Both young and will sing Thy song,
    We long for Sunday School.
  3. O Sunday School, on the Lord’s day,
    Christ was Thy first teacher,
    The Holy Spirit, great teacher,
    Does manifest in thee.
  4. O Sunday School, on the Lord’s day,
    This testimony is sure,
    That God, the Father Almighty,
    Poured His blessing on Thee
  5. O Sunday School, on the Lord’s day,
    Though the sun be so bright,
    Or if the clouds be black with rain,
    I’ll be in Sunday School.
  6. O Sunday School, on the Lord’s day
    I rejoice to see Thee,
    Will thou pass over me today?
    Without my being blest?

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